Nepal holds over 6500 species of flowering plants. The botanical exploration is still not yet completed and therefore, many plant species are still unexplored. Realizing the long felt need for authentic publication of flora of Nepal, the Nepal Academy of Science and Technology initiated this project in collaboration with national and international institutions. The documentation of plant resources of Nepal was initiated by the naturalists from the UK namely Buchanan-Hamilton (1802-1803), and Wallich (1820-21). Based on their collections, another British naturalist David Don published the first account on flora of Nepal (Prodromus Florae Nepalensis, 1825; London), with description of nearly 800 species of flowering plants. Since then hundreds of British and Japanese expedition teams visited west to east and from south to northern parts of Nepal, and collected more than 200,000 herbarium specimens, which are deposited in various UK and Japanese Herbaria.
We need support and contribution from several well trained taxonomists, examination of herbarium specimens deposited in the world herbaria and related literatures for the publication of Nepal flora. Therefore, an international collaboration has long been realized and collaboration between the leading national institutions such as Nepal Academy of Science & Technology, Department of Plant Resources under the Ministry of Forests & Soil Conservation, and Central Department of Botany under the Tribhuvan University and further collaborations with leading international institutions like Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UKand University of Tokyo, Japan has been established.
Flora of Nepal Publications
The total 10 volumes of the Nepal Flora have been scheduled to publish by 2020 in both electronic web and printed book version. TheVolume 3 including plants from Magnoliaceae to Rosaceae has been published in 2011 as a first publication from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UK which includes 21 families with 123 genera, 600 species, 19 sub-species, 31 varieties and 4 forma.